The European Peacock (Aglais io)

It occurs on the edges of meadows and forests, gardens, orchards, on wasteland and in many other places. Everywhere is very common. The figure is grown throughout the summer, it can be found on a variety of flowers from which the nectar sleep. The body length of 35 mm, wingspan 50-55 mm. It has wings colored in the intense brownish-red color. The most striking feature of this species, after which it is easy to distinguish it from other species of butterflies are large, multicolored (blue-black) spots ( "peacocks") at the ends of the front and rear wings. These spots are a defense mechanism; mimicking the eyes to suggest a potential intruder that lurks here formidable predator. Pupation lasts for several days. Already after 1-2 days of a stationary hover breaks the skin on the back and gradually emerges from the chrysalis. Corrugated contractions slide it cuticle track back. Now comes the most difficult moment for her: extraction of cuticle ended hook end of the body and hooking the barb of the cocoon. Pupa bends until it gets rid of cuticle. For the next two weeks it is stationary, cuticles and enclosed by its own place in the very large changes in the structure of internal and external organs of the body structure. During this time, it transforms into an adult - a butterfly with wings. When this occurs, a few seconds butterfly sliding from the lower part of the cuticle and straightens towards the pumping of their strands hemolymph.