Wolves

Wolves, like dogs, label the its territory, to warn other individuals prior to entering into the pack. Especially strong are designated hiding place for food and prey. The most common signs performs pair of alpha males more often than females. Usually used for this purpose is urine and feces. The characters are also used for navigation, informing the pack about how long ago was a part of his land, and individual specimens of the whereabouts of other members of the herd.

Wolves have scent glands all over the body: at the base of the tail, genitals, between the teeth, the eyes and the skin. Pheromones produced by these glands identify the particular individual. Dominant rubs against other members of the pack to produce a distinctive smell of the herd.

Wolves can read signals fragrances (identify and evaluate individual who left him) from a distance thanks to the perfectly-developed sense of smell.

Wolf found in forests, plains, deserts, the mountain and marsh. It is a species of government. Determines the district, which does not allow individuals not belonging to the pack. In the depths of the sick bay, in the most inaccessible, arranges den. He is a predator and his life takes an average of approx. 1.3 kg of meat (with bones and skin) per day. In the wild they feed on small animals (rodents, hares, badgers, birds, invertebrates), but also - if the conditions and herd size allows it - large hoofed animals. Most often hunts for deer, less often chooses roe deer, wild boar and elk. Under normal conditions, a large wolf from northern races can eat at one time up to 10 kg, but it is usually associated with earlier, a few days fasting. Supplement his diet are fruits and undergrowth. Their digestive system is adapted to the diet of meat and differs from that dogs are allowed (gastrointestinal tract slightly shorter, the higher the acidity, the higher the efficiency of digestion).

As long as there is enough game animals, wolves seem to avoid attacking flocks, completely ignoring them. However, some wolves and wolf pack may specialize in attacking poorly protected breeding, if you mastering the this, despite the universality of natural prey. According to research by Professor. Simona Kossak, this situation applies to 10% of Polish pack. In such situations, the sheep are usually most at risk, but the horses and cattle are also not safe. Special fences, electric shepherds, displaying flounder, guard dogs and resettlement of wolves are the only methods to effectively prevent hunting by wolves on livestock. On the other hand, contrary to popular opinion, the hunting of wolves could increase the danger for animals. This is because in case of breakage as a result of the killing of the structure of a pack of wolves harder to hunt wild animals.

For several centuries, shepherds and dog breeders have used selective breeding to get the big dogs, which effectively defend the herds from predators. In the United States because of the re-population of certain areas by wolves and other large predators, the US Department of Agriculture was interested in such races as the Akbash Dog, Maremma, or kuvasz to help curb attacks by herds of wolves.