The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)

The biggest threat to adult goats is lynx. Wolf hunting is not in periods such herds migrate to the forest floor. Brown bear feeds on carrion rather chamois. For kids foxes are dangerous. Golden eagle hunts for kids, but it happens to him to attack the adults. Very dangerous for goats are avalanches, especially snow - sometimes winter, when the Alps die in this way to the 12% population. Chamois also die as a result of falls from the rocks. They occur mainly when the rocks are icy.

Chamois also suffer from various diseases, which may result in huge losses of them. In the Austrian Alps during an epidemic scab fell in the period 1913-1920 up to 80% goats, and in some areas even more. This disease does not occur in the Tatra chamois. Dangerous are also Helminthiasis whose goats were found in several species. A rare disease in the Tatras is a goat blindness. Affected animals lose her eyesight and descend to the forest floor, or falling into the abyss. Chamois are suitable to adapt to life in the difficult mountainous terrain, eg. Long hind legs that allow them to feed on steep slopes, nimbly climb up the slope and easier to jump from rock to rock. However, they make it difficult descent, which chamois eliminate the squat hindquarters.

Also, construction of the hooves is important. Chamois are very mobile hooves, which means that they have not four but eight points of support, in extreme situations, the fulcrum can serve sharp raciczki above the hoof, on a flat surface not touching the ground. At the edge of each hoof is a horny edge, which during the summer wears revealing how sticky rubber sole. Mountain goats are herd animals, they live in small flocks called kierdlami. At the head of the flock is always experienced female with a young called. facing, lower face other females with young and so-called. yearlings and two year olds. Males usually live alone or form bachelor groups attaching to such herds fall during mating.

For centuries, harvesting due to the delicate, silky skin, used in the manufacture of chamois. As a species is a species of chamois northern lower risk (according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN), except that the threatened or even on the verge of extinction are some subspecies. Alpine chamois (approx. 380 000 pieces) is a subspecies of non-hazardous; Carpathian chamois (R. r. carpatica, 9 000 units) also; Balkan chamois (R. r. balcanica approx. 17 000 pieces) is the taxon a non-hazardous, but its size decreases; Caucasian chamois (R. R. caucasica, less than 15 000 units) taxon is endangered, the exact number is difficult to estimate because of constant wars in the Caucasus region; similarly difficult to estimate the number of goat living in the Anatolian mountains north-eastern Turkey (R. r. asiatica) - is not conducted any inventory of this population. The most endangered taxa are chamois and chamois Kartuska (R. r. Cartusia). In the case of the latter, living in the amount of approx. 150 pcs. Chartreuse Mountains near Grenoble in the foothills of the Alps, a situation exacerbated by the fact that the area of ​​its occurrence there are no ongoing conservation efforts to preserve this population.